Australia has a huge variety of unique animals; mammals, reptiles, fish and insects. Here are some of the more famous ones:
The kangaroo is an Australian icon. It is featured on the Australian coat of arms, on some of its currency and
is used by many Australian organisations, including the airline Qantas. Kangaroos are marsupials, from the family of macropods, meaning ‘large foot’. Kangaroos have large, powerful hind legs, large feet good for leaping, a long muscular tail for balance, and a small head.
Like all marsupials, female kangaroos have a pouch in which joeys complete postnatal development. All kangaroos are herbivores.
The koala is found in coastal regions of eastern and southern Australia. Populations also extend for considerable distances inland in regions with enough moisture to support suitable woodlands. The koala has large, sharp claws to assist with climbing tree trunks. The koala’s five fingers are arranged with opposable thumbs, providing better gripping ability. The koala is one of the few mammals that have fingerprints. Koala fingerprints are similar to human fingerprints; even with an electron microscope, it can be quite difficult to distinguish between the two.
The emu is the largest bird native to Australia. It is also the second-largest existing bird in the world by height, after the ostrich. The soft-feathered, brown, flightless birds reach up to 2 metres (6.5 ft) in height. The emu is common over most of mainland Australia, although it avoids heavily populated areas, dense forest and arid areas. Emus can travel great distances at a fast trot and necessary, can sprint at 50 km/h (30 mph) for some They are nomadic and may travel long distances to find food; they feed on a variety of plants and insects.
Wombats are Australian marsupials; they have four legs that are short and muscular. They are approximately 1 metre (39 inches) in length and hav very short tail. They are found in forested, mountainou and heathland areas of south-eastern Australia and Tasmania. Wombats dig extensive burrow systems with rodent-like front teeth and powerful claws. Although mainly nocturnal, wombats will also venture out to feed on cool or overcast days.
Bearded Dragon is the common name for any agamid lizard. They are native to Australia. Bearded dragons are popular exotic pets in many places. They are a popular species among children because of their friendly and calm nature, along with the relative ease of caring for them. Bearded dragons have broad triangular heads and flattened bodies, with adults reaching approximately 45-60 cm (18 to 24 inches) head to tail. Typically, they live between three and ten years. When threatened, they will expand a spiny pouch under their jaw, as well as inhale air and puff up to make them appear larger. The pouch resembles a beard, lending the animal their name.
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